6 Basic Emergency Survival Skills: A Guide to Stay Alive

Your safety and survival depend on knowing the right skills to handle such situations, and we’re here to help you with that. We have compiled the top 6 emergency survival tips that can help you save lives in any challenging situation.

Let’s delve deeper into each survival skill, offering practical tips and expert insights. These skills will equip you with the knowledge to make quick decisions, find shelter, start a fire, locate water, and signal for help when needed.

Whether you’re an avid hiker, camper, or adventurer, having these survival skills at your disposal can be a game-changer. Let’s dive in and empower you with the essential survival know-how to tackle any wild challenge that comes your way.

6 Basic Tips for Survival In the Wild:

In the wilderness, basic survival skills take on a whole new level of importance. We often rely on gadgets and technology! But when you’re stranded in the wild, it’s essential to understand survival skills primitive techniques as well. These skills have been used by our ancestors for centuries and can make a significant difference in a life-threatening situation.

So get prepared for situational wandering during a hiking trip or facing an unexpected emergency! In this guide, we will explore six basic steps for survival. Following these emergency survival skills in wild can greatly increase your chances of making it through:

 1.Shelter Building

When stranded in the wild, finding or creating shelter is a top priority.  As, exposure to extremely harsh weather can lead to hypothermia or heatstroke, which can be fatal.

Therefore, in such cases understanding how to build temporary shelters using natural resources is essential.  First, try to locate a natural shelter like hollow stumps, caves, or logs. However, if such options are not available, you should be prepared to construct your own shelter.

Techniques such as debris huts, lean-to’s, and A-frame shelters are commonly used to protect against wind, rain, and extreme temperatures.

However, whatever you opt for selecting the right location and materials for your shelter is also vital to ensure maximum safety and comfort. Such as choosing a flat, elevated area away from potential hazards such as flooding, rockfalls, etc. With respect to materials, look for nearby resources like fallen branches, leaves, and other natural materials that can be used for construction.

2. Starting a Fire

Fire is not just for cooking; it provides a sense of security and protection against wild animals. Knowing how to start it is a fundamental survival skill fire. Besides providing warmth and comfort, fire can purify water, cook food, and act as a signaling tool for potential rescuers.

Creating a fire without modern tools may seem challenging, but it’s achievable with the right techniques.  Here are some fire-making techniques to master:

  • Use a Fire Starter: Carry a reliable fire starter, such as waterproof matches, a ferrocerium rod, or a butane lighter, in your survival kit.
  • Flint and Steel:Traditional flint and steel can create sparks that ignite a tinder bundle, starting your fire.
  • Bow Drill:The bow drill method involves using a bow to rotate a wooden spindle against a fibreboard, creating friction and sparks.

Remember, always be cautious with fire and build it in a safe area away from dry vegetation!

3. Navigating Your Way Out

Getting lost in the wild is dangerous and stressful. But, no need to worry! Knowing how to navigate can help you find your way back to civilization or a safe location. For that purpose, it is very important to have basic navigation tips. Some of them are as follows:

  • First off,  always carry a map and compass with you when venturing into the wilderness. If you don’t know already, it is important to learn how to use the compassas well.
  • Secondly, while primitive navigation skills are essential, having a GPS device or a smartphone with GPS capabilities can significantly enhance your navigational accuracy and provide emergency assistance if needed.
  • Thirdly, before setting off, familiarize yourself with the terrain and landmarks.
  • Moreover, pay attention to thesun’s direction during the day and the stars at night to get to the right direction.
  • Plus, You can alsonavigate through the watch. For that,  use the hour hand to point towards the sun, and halfway between the hour hand and 12 o’clock will give you a rough approximation of the south.

4. Finding Clean Water

Water is the essence of life, and knowing water survival basics is crucial in any dreadful situation. Ensuring a sufficient supply of clean drinking water is crucial for human well-being, as we typically consume up to 1 gallon of water daily.

However, two significant threats related to water availability can pose harm. The first is dehydration resulting from a lack of water, while the second is the presence of contaminated water carrying dangerous pathogens that can lead to severe diseases.

Dehydration can lead to weakness, fatigue, and ultimately, failure to survive. Therefore, it is vital to know how to find and purify water. To ensure your water survival, follow these guidelines:

  • Locate Water Sources: Keep an eye out for rivers, streams, ponds, and other potential water sources. Listen to the sound of running water, which can guide you to a nearby stream.
  • Purify the Water:Not all water sources are safe to drink. To purify water, you can boil it over a fire, use water purification tablets, or invest in a portable water filter.

5. Having the Right Survival Gear

When venturing into the wilderness, it’s essential to carry essential items to ensure your safety. Having the right gear in your emergency wilderness survival kit items can significantly increase your chances of survival.  Here are some items to include in your survival kit:

  • Knife or Multi-tool:A sturdy knife or multi-tool is versatile and can be used for various tasks like building shelters, preparing food, and self-defense.
  • First Aid Kit:Always have a well-stocked first aid kit that includes bandages, antiseptic wipes, pain relievers, and any necessary medications.

  • Food Rations:Carry high-energy, non-perishable food items like energy bars, nuts, and dried fruits to keep your energy levels up.
  • Water Container:Having a durable water bottle or collapsible water container is essential for storing and carrying water in the wild.
  • Whistle:If you’re lost or injured, you can use a whistle to signal for rescue.
  • Map and compassfor direction
  • A reliable flashlightwith extra batteries
  • Space blankets, Lightweight tarps, or a compact tentcan provide protection from the elements and keep you warm and dry.

6. Foraging for Edible Plants

In a survival situation, finding food can be challenging. Acquiring knowledge about edible plants and berries in the region you are exploring can be a lifesaver. Several common food sources that can be foraged in the wild include cattails and stinging nettles, tubers, various edible weeds, rosehips, yarrow, acorns, and plantains. It’s important to note that while some wild berries are safe to eat, other wild berries can be toxic or indigestible. Therefore, it is crucial to acquire proper knowledge and understanding of foraging techniques before attempting to gather wild edibles.

Consuming the wrong plants can be harmful, so it’s essential to be well-informed and cautious when looking for food in the wilderness.  Carry a field guide or take a wilderness survival course to become proficient in identifying safe-to-eat plants.

Do’s and Dont’s In Wild

When facing an emergency situation in the wild, it is crucial to know about certain do’s and dont’s in order to avoid any danger and threat. Read on!

  • In any emergency situation, panic is your worst enemy. Take deep breaths, assess the situation, and think logically.
  • Be realistic about your skills and physical abilities. Avoid taking unnecessary risks that could worsen the situation.
  • If you’re lost or need assistance, create signals to attract attention. Build a fire, use mirrors, or brightly colored clothing, or lay out rocks or branches in a conspicuous pattern that can be seen from the air.
  • Stay in one place if you’re lost or stranded, especially if you don’t know the area well. Moving around aimlessly can make it harder for rescuers to find you and may lead to more dangerous situations.


What are the most important emergency survival skills to know in the wild?

The most crucial survival skills in the wild include knowing how to find or purify water, build a shelter, and signal for help. These skills increase your chances of surviving in the wilderness significantly.

How can I signal for help if I’m lost?

Signaling for help is crucial if you find yourself lost or in an emergency. Use a whistle to make loud and distinct sounds. Create smoke from your fire during the day, or use a signal mirror to reflect sunlight.

Is it safe to forage for food in the wild?

Foraging for food can be safe if you have proper knowledge of edible plants and berries in the area.


In conclusion, mastering these 6 basic survival tips for wilderness survival is not just a matter of outdoor enthusiasts or extreme adventurers; it is a life-saving skill set that everyone should possess. The importance of survival skills cannot be overstated, as they empower individuals to navigate the unpredictable challenges of the wilderness.

By being prepared and knowledgeable, we can truly appreciate and enjoy nature’s beauty while feeling equipped to handle its potential hazards.



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